brainvisa processing modules

brainvisa.axon

This module enables to start Brainvisa in batch mode through a python script.

It is useful to write a Python script that uses Brainvisa. Usage:

>>> import brainvisa.axon
>>> brainvisa.axon.initializeProcesses()
Loading toolbox ...

Then, Brainvisa, its processes and databases are loaded and it can be used as if it were started in batch mode (brainvisa -b).

At the end of your script, call a cleanup function. It would be called automatically at exit, but it is better to call it from the main thread:

>>> brainvisa.axon.cleanup()
brainvisa.axon.processes.cleanup()[source]

Cleanup to be done at Brainvisa exiting. This function is registered in atexit.

brainvisa.axon.processes.initializeProcesses()[source]

This method intends to retrieve a list of all existing types in the BrainVISA ontology, of all processes and databases. This replicates the job which is usually done at the very beginning when BrainVISA starts, but here no GUI is created.

The processes are available through functions in brainvisa.processes. The databases are in brainvisa.data.neuroHierarchy.databases. The types are available through functions in brainvisa.data.neuroDiskItems.

brainvisa.processes

This module contains classes defining Brainvisa processes and pipelines.

The main class in this module is Process. It is the base class for all Brainvisa processes. It inherits from the class Parameterized that defines an object with a list of parameters that we call a signature. When the processes are loaded at Brainvisa startup, information about them is stored in ProcessInfo objects.

Several functions are available in this module to get information about the processes or to get instances of the processes:
To modify, the lists of processes, several functions are also available:
A pipeline is defined as a specific process that has an execution node that describes the pipeline structure. The base class for execution nodes is ExecutionNode. This class is specialized into several other classes, defining different types of pipelines:
Specialized Process classes that use the different types of execution nodes also exist:

As processes can be run in different contexts, an object representing this context is passed as a parameter in the processes execution function. This object is an intance of the class ExecutionContext. A default context associated to the application also exists, to get it use the function defaultContext().

After loading, Brainvisa processes are stored in an object ProcessTrees that represents the processes organization in toolboxes and categories. The function updatedMainProcessTree() creates this object if it doesn’t exist yet and to returns it.

Inheritance diagram:
 
Inheritance diagram of Parameterized, Process, ExecutionNode, SerialExecutionNode, ProcessExecutionNode, SelectionExecutionNode, ParallelExecutionNode, ProcessInfo, ExecutionContext, IterationProcess, SelectionProcess, DistributedProcess, ListOfIterationProcess, ProcessTree, ProcessTrees
Classes:
class brainvisa.processes.Parameterized(signature)[source]

Bases: object

This class represents an object that have a signature, that is to say a list of typed parameters.

A Parameterized object can notify the changes in its signature. The parameters can be linked together, that is to say, if the value of a parameter changes, the value of all linked parameters may change.

This object has an initialization() function that can define the links between the parameters and their initial values.

Attributes:
signature

The signature is a brainvisa.data.neuroData.Signature. It contains the list of parameters accepted by the object and their types. The possible types are described in brainvisa.data.neuroData.

signatureChangeNotifier

This variable is a soma.notification.Notifier. It calls its notify function when the signature of the Parameterized object changes.

class brainvisa.processes.Process[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Parameterized

This class represents a Brainvisa process or pipeline.

This object has a signature that describes its inputs and outputs and an execution function execution(). If it is a pipeline, it also have an execution node that describes the structure of the pipeline.

Attributes:
signature

The signature is a brainvisa.data.neuroData.Signature. It contains the list of parameters accepted by the object and their types. The possible types are described in brainvisa.data.neuroData.

category(string)

The processes are organized into categories. Generally, the category is the name of the directory where the process file is located.

userLevel(integer)

The process is available in Brainvisa interface if its userLevel is lower or equal than the userLevel selected in Brainvisa options. 0 : Basic, 1: Advanced, 2: Expert.

showMaximized(boolean)

If true, the process window is shown maximized with a frame around it.

Methods:
id()[source]

Returns the process id.

validation()[source]

This method can be overrideed in order to check if the process dependencies are available. It will be called at Brainvisa startup when the processes are loaded. If the method raises an exception, the process will not be available.

Raises:brainvisa.validation.ValidationError
execution(context)[source]

Execution function that is called when the process is run.

executionNode()[source]

Returns the execution node of the pipeline.

setExecutionNode(eNode)[source]

Sets the execution node of the pipeline.

Parameters:eNode (ExecutionNode) – object that describes the structure of the pipeline.
getAllParameters()[source]

Returns all the parameters of the current process and its children if it is a pipeline.

Returns:tuples (Parameterized, attribute name, attribute type)
Return type:generator
allProcesses()[source]

Returns the current process and all its children if it is a pipeline.

Return type:generator
pipelineStructure()[source]

Returns the description of a pipeline in a dictionary or the id of the process if it is a simple process.

sourceFile()[source]

Returns the name of the source file of the process.

sourcePath()[source]

Returns the path to the source file of the process.

inlineGUI(values, context, parent, externalRunButton=False)[source]

This method can be overrideed in order to specialize buttons of the process window.

Parameters:
  • context – the execution context of the process
  • parent – The parent widget
Returns:

widget – the widget containing the buttons that will replace the default buttons (Run and Iterate)

Return type:

QWidget

_iterate(warn=True, **kwargs)[source]

Returns a list of copies of the current process with different parameters values.

Parameters:
  • warn (bool) – raise an exception if iterated parameters lists sizes do not match
  • kwargs – dictionary containing a list of values for each parameter name. The first value is for the first process of the iteration and so on...
_copy(withparams=True)[source]

Returns a copy of the process. The value of the parameters are also copied if withparams is True (which is the default)

class brainvisa.processes.ProcessInfo(id, name, signature, userLevel, category, fileName, roles, toolbox, module=None, showMaximized=False)[source]

This object stores information about a process. Such objects are created at BrainVISA startup when the processes are loaded.

id

Id of the process. It is the name of the file without extension in lowercase.

name

Name of the process as it is displayed in the GUI.

signature

Process excepted parameters.

userLevel

User level needed to see the process.

category

Process category path: <toolbox>/<category1>/<category2>/...

showMaximized

Process window maximized state.

fileName

Path to the file containing the source code of the process.

roles

Tuple containing the specific roles of the process: viewer, converter, editor, importer.

valid

False if the validation method of the process fails - default True.

procdoc

The content of the .procdoc file associated to this process in a dictionary. It represents the documentation of the process.

toolbox

The id of the toolbox containing the process.

module

Module path to the source of the process related to the toolbox directory. <processes>.<category1>...<process>

html()[source]

Returns the process information in html format.

class brainvisa.processes.ExecutionNode(name='', optional=False, selected=True, guiOnly=False, parameterized=None, expandedInGui=False)[source]

Bases: object

Base class for the classes that describe a pipeline structure.

Parameters:
  • name (str) – name of the node - default ‘’.
  • optional (boolean) – indicates if this node is optional in the pipeline - default False.
  • selected (boolean) – indicates if the node is selected in the pipeline - default True.
  • guiOnly (boolean) – default False.
  • parameterizedParameterized containing the signature of the node - default None.
addChild(name, node, index=None)[source]

Add a new child execution node.

Parameters:
  • name (string) – name which identifies the node
  • node – an ExecutionNode which will be added to this node’s children.

Creates a double link source -> destination and destination -> source.

addExecutionDependencies(deps)[source]

Adds to the execution node dependencies on the execution of other nodes. This allows to build a dependencies structure which is not forced to be a tree, but can be a grapĥ. Dependencies are used to build Soma-Workflow workflows with correct dependencies.

Adds a parameter link like Parameterized.addLink().

allParameterFiles()[source]

Get recursively all parameters which are DiskItems, descending through the pipeline structure.

child(name, default=None)[source]

Get a child node by name.

children()[source]

Returns the list of children execution nodes.

childrenNames()[source]

Returns the list of names of the children execution nodes.

gui(parent, processView=None)[source]

Returns the graphical user interface of this node.

hasChildren()[source]

Returns True if this node has children.

isSelected()[source]

True if this node is selected.

name()[source]

Returns the name of the node.

parent_node()[source]

Returns the parent node, if any.

New in Axon 4.6.

parent_pipeline()[source]

Returns the root pipeline process from which this node is part of, if it is actually part of a pipeline (otherwise None is returned).

New in Axon 4.6.

parseParameterString(parameterString)[source]

Returns a tuple containing the Parameterized object of the child node indicated in the parameter string and the name of the parameter.

Parameters:parameterString (string) – references a parameter of a child node with a path like <node name 1>.<node name 2>...<parameter name>
removeChild(name)[source]

Remove child execution node.

Parameters:name (string) – name which identifies the node

Removes a double link source -> destination and destination -> source.

Removes a parameters link added with addLink().

run(context)[source]

Calls _run() method if the node is selected.

setSelected(selected)[source]

Change the selection state of the node.

Parameters:selected (bool) – new selection state of the node. If the selection changes, a selection change notifier is notified.
class brainvisa.processes.ProcessExecutionNode(process, optional=False, selected=True, guiOnly=False, expandedInGui=False, altname=None)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.ExecutionNode

An execution node that has no children and run one process

processReloaded(newProcess)[source]

If the associated process has an attribute processReloadNotifier, this callback is attached to the notifier. So, the node is reloaded when the process is reloaded.

class brainvisa.processes.SerialExecutionNode(name='', optional=False, selected=True, guiOnly=False, parameterized=None, stopOnError=True, expandedInGui=False, possibleChildrenProcesses=None, notify=False)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.ExecutionNode

An execution node that run all its children sequentially

class brainvisa.processes.ParallelExecutionNode(name='', optional=False, selected=True, guiOnly=False, parameterized=None, stopOnError=True, expandedInGui=False, possibleChildrenProcesses=None, notify=False)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.SerialExecutionNode

An execution node that run all its children in any order (and in parallel if possible)

class brainvisa.processes.SelectionExecutionNode(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.ExecutionNode

An execution node that run one of its children

addChild(name, node, index=None)[source]

Add a new child execution node

childSelectionChange(node)[source]

This callback is called when the selection state of a child has changed. If the child is selected, all the other children must be unselected because this node is a selectionNode.

class brainvisa.processes.IterationProcess(name, processes, base=None)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Process

This class represents a set of process instances that can be executed in parallel.

It is used to iterate the same process on a set of data.

class brainvisa.processes.ListOfIterationProcess(name, processes)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.IterationProcess

An IterationProcess which has on its main signature a list of the first element of each sub-process.

Used for viewers and editors of ListOf()

class brainvisa.processes.DistributedProcess(name, processes)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Process

This class represents a set of process instances that can be executed in parallel.

class brainvisa.processes.SelectionProcess(name, processes)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Process

This class represents a choice between a list of processes.

class brainvisa.processes.ExecutionContext(userLevel=None, debug=None)[source]

Bases: object

This object represents the execution context of the processes.

Indeed, a process can be started in different contexts :

  • The user starts the process by clicking on the Run button in the graphical interface.
  • The process is started via a script. It is possible to run brainvisa in batch mode (without any graphical interface) and to run a process via a python function : brainvisa.processes.defaultContext().runProcess(...).
  • The process is a converter, so it can be run automatically by BrainVISA when a conversion is needed for another process parameters.
  • The process is a viewer or an editor, it is run when the user clicks on the corresponding icon to view or edit another process parameter.

The interactions with the user are different according to the context. That’s why the context object offers several useful functions to interact with BrainVISA and to call system commands. Here are these functions :

ask(message, *buttons, **kwargs)[source]

This method asks a question to the user. The message is displayed and the user is invited to choose a value among the propositions. The method returns the index of the chosen value, beginning by 0. If the answer is not valid, the returned value is -1. Sometimes, when the process is called automatically (in batch mode), these calls to context.ask are ignored and return directly -1 without asking question.

Example

>>> if context.ask('Is the result ok ?', 'yes', 'no') == 1:
>>>     try_again()
checkInterruption()[source]

This function is used to define breakpoints. When the process execution reach a breakpoint, the user can interrupt the process. There are 4 types of breakpoints automatically added :

  • before each system call (context.system)
  • after each system call (context.system)
  • before each sub-process call (context.runProcess)
  • after each sub-process call (context.runProcess)

To allow the user to interrupt the process at another place, you have to use the function context.checkInterruption. If the user has clicked on the Interrupt button while the process runs, it will stop when reaching the checkInterruption point.

dialog(*args)[source]

This method is available only in a graphical context. Like ask, it is used to ask a question to the user, but the dialog interface is customisable. It is possible to add a signature to the dialog : fields that the user has to fill in.

Example

>>> dial = context.dialog(1, 'Enter a value', Signature('param', Number()), _t_('OK'), _t_('Cancel'))
>>> dial.setValue('param', 0)
>>> r = dial.call()
>>> if r == 0:
>>>     v=dial.getValue('param')
error(*messages)[source]

This method is used to print an error message. Like the above function, it adds some HTML tags to change the appearance of the message and calls write() function.

getConverter(source, dest, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets a converter process which can convert the source diskitem from its format to the destination format.

getProgressInfo(process, childrencount=None, parent=None)[source]

Get the progress info for a given process or execution node, or create one if none already exists. A regular process may call it.

The output is a tuple containing the ProgressInfo and the process itself, just in case the input process is in fact a ProgressInfo instance. A ProgressInfo has no hard reference in BrainVISA: when you don’t need it anymore, it is destroyed via Python reference counting, and is considered done 100% for its parent.

Parameters:childrencount – it is the number of children that the process will have, and is not the same as the own count of the process in itself, which is in addition to children (and independent), and specified when using the progress() method.
log(*args, **kwargs)[source]

context.log(what, when=None, html=’‘, children=[], icon=None)

This method is used to add a message to BrainVISA log. The first parameter what is the name of the entry in the log, the message to write is in the html parameter.

progress(value=None, count=None, process=None)[source]

Set the progress information for the parent process or ProgressInfo instance, and output it using the context output mechanisms.

Parameters:
  • value – is the progress value to set. If none, the value will not be changed, but the current status will be shown.
  • count – is the maximum value for the process own progress value (not taking children into account).
  • process – is either the calling process, or the ProgressInfo.
pythonSystem(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Same as system() but for python2 commands:

Prepends the python2 executable to the command, and use the executable full path to call system(). The 1st arg should thus be the python script. On Unix, this should have the same result as using system(), but on Windows the script will not be recognized as a python script, so needs this wrapping.

runInteractiveProcess(callMeAtTheEnd, process, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Runs a process in a new thread and calls a callback function when the execution is finished.

Parameters:
  • callMeAtTheEnd (function) – callback function which will be called the process execution is finished.
  • process – id of the process which will be run.
runProcess(_process, *args, **kwargs)[source]

It is possible to call a sub-process in the current process by calling context.runProcess.

The first argument is the process identifier, which is either the filename wihtout extension of the process or its english name. The other arguments are the values of the process parameters. All mandatory argument must have a value. The function returns the value returned by the sub-process execution method.

Example

>>> context.runProcess('do_something', self.input, self.output, value=3.14)

In this example, the process do_something is called with self.input as the first paramter value, self.ouput as the second parameter value and 3.14 to the parameter named value.

showException(beforeError='', afterError='', exceptionInfo=None)[source]

same as the global brainvisa.processing.neuroException.showException() but displays in the current context (the process output box for instance)

showProgress(value, count=None)[source]

Output the given progress value. This is just the output method which is overriden in subclassed contexts.

Users should normally not call it directory, but use progress() instead.

system(*args, **kwargs)[source]

This function is used to call system commands. It is very similar to functions like os.system() in Python and system() in C. The main difference is the management of messages sent on standard output. These messages are intercepted and reported in BrainVISA interface according to the current execution context.

Moreover, a command started using this function can be interrupted via the Interrupt button in the interface which is not the case if the python os.system() function is used directly.

If the command is given as one argument, it is converted to a string and passed to the system. If there are several arguments, each argument is converted to a string, surrounded by simple quotes and all elements are joined, separated by spaces. The resulting command is passed to the system. The second method is recommended because the usage of quotes enables to pass arguments that contain spaces. The function returns the value returned by the system command.

optional keyword paramerers

outputLevel: (int)
if >=0 and < userLevel, write stdout in log
stdoutInContext: (bool)
if True, write stdout in the current context output
ignoreReturnValue: (bool)
if True, ignore the command return value. Useful when you know the command will exit badly even if the work is done.
stdout: (file object)
if specified, stdout will be written in this stream. It may be a StringIO object.
stderr: (file object)
if specified, stderr will be written in this stream. It may be a StringIO object.
nativeEnv: (bool or None)
if True, forces execution within the “native” system environment variables (for commands external to the brainvisa binary distribution). If False, force execution within the current brainvisa environment. If None (default), guess if the executed command path is external to the main brainvisa path.
cwd: (str or None)
Current directory of the child process (by default or if None, it is inherited from the parent process i.e. BrainVISA).
env: dict
Environment variables to be set. Contrarily to soma.subprocess.Popen, they do not completely replace the current environment variables, but only add / replace the given variables. If both env and nativeEnv keyword arguments are used, nativeEnv acts before env, thus native environment can be overriden by env.

Example

>>> arg1 = 'x'
>>> arg2 = 'y z'
>>> context.system('command ' + arg1 + ' ' + arg2)
>>> context.system('command', arg1, arg2)

The first call generates the command command x y z which calls the commands with 3 parameters. The second call generates the command ‘command’ ‘x’ ‘y z’ which calls the command with two parameters.

temporary(format, diskItemType=None)[source]

This method enables to create a temporary DiskItem. The argument format is the temporary data format. The optional argument type is the data type. It generates one or several unique filenames (according to the format) in the temporary directory of BrainVISA (it can be changed in BrainVISA configuration). No file is created by this function. The process has to create it. The temporary files are deleted automatically when the temporary diskitem returned by the function is no later used.

Example

>>> tmp = context.temporary('GIS image')
>>> context.runProcess('threshold', self.input, tmp, self.threshold)
>>> tmp2 = context.temporary('GIS image')
>>> context.system('AimsMorphoMath', '-m', 'ero', '-i', tmp.fullPath(), '-o', tmp2.fullPath(), '-r', self.size)
>>> del tmp

In this example, a temporary data in GIS format is created and it is used to store the output of the process threshold. Then a new temporary data is created to store the output of a command line. At the end, the variable tmp is deleted, so the temporary data is no more referenced and the corresponding files are deleted.

warning(*messages)[source]

This method is used to print a warning message. This function adds some HTML tags to change the appearance of the message and calls the write() function.

write(*messages, **kwargs)[source]

This method is used to print information messages during the process execution. All arguments are converted into strings and joined to form the message. This message may contain HTML tags for an improved display. The result vary according to the context. If the process is run via its graphical interface, the message is displayed in the process window. If the process is run via a script, the message is displayed in the terminal. The message can also be ignored if the process is called automatically by brainvisa or another process.

context.write("Computing threshold of <i>", self.input.name, "</i>..." )
class brainvisa.processes.ProcessTree(name=None, id=None, icon=None, tooltip=None, editable=True, user=True, content=[])[source]

Bases: soma.notification.EditableTree

Represents a hierarchy of processes. It is used to represent the processes of a toolbox or a set of personal bookmarks on processes.

The tree contains branches: categories or directories, and leaves: processes.

This object can be saved in a minf file (in userProcessTree.minf for user bookmarks).

Parameters:
  • name (string) – name of the tree
  • id (string) – id of the process. if None, it is set to the name in lowercase.
  • icon (string) – filename of an icon that represents the process tree.
  • tooltip (string) – description associated to the process tree
  • editable (boolean) – if True, the tree can be modified after its creation.
  • user (boolean) – if True, this tree is a custom process tree created by the user (personal bookmarks on processes)
  • content (list) – initial content, list of children to add in the tree.
class Branch(name=None, id=None, editable=True, icon=None, content=[])[source]

Bases: soma.notification.EditableTree.Branch

A directory that contains processes and/or another branches. Enables to organise processes by category.

setVisible()[source]

Sets the branch as visible if it has no child or if it has at least one visible child. Empty branch is visible because it can be a newly created user branch and the user may want to fill it later.

update(userTree=False)[source]

Updates recursively visible attribute for each item in the branch. This method must be called when the visibility may have change. For exemple when the userLevel has changed, some processes must become visibles.

class ProcessTree.Leaf(id, name=None, editable=True, icon=None, userLevel=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: soma.notification.EditableTree.Leaf

A ProcessTree.Leaf represents a process.

setVisible(processInfo)[source]

A ProcessTree.Leaf is valid if the id references a process in _processesInfo and if the process’ userLevel is lower or equal than global userLevel and the related process is valid (validation function succeeded).

update(userTree=False)[source]

Called when the parent tree is updated because some visibility conditions have changed. Evaluates the visibility of the reprensented process.

ProcessTree.addDir(processesDir, category='', processesCache={}, toolbox='brainvisa')[source]

Adds the processes from a directory to the current tree. Subdirectories will become the branches of the tree and processes will become the leaves of the tree.

Parameters:
  • processesDir (string) – directory where processes are recursively searched.
  • category (string) – category prefix for all processes found in this directory (useful for toolboxes : all processes category begins with toolbox’s name.
  • processesCache (dictionary) – a dictionary containing previously saved processes info stored by id. Processes that are in this cache are not reread.
ProcessTree.setEditable(bool)[source]

Makes the tree editable. All its children becomes modifiable and deletable.

ProcessTree.setName(n)[source]

Renames the tree. The tooltip is also changed it was equal to the name.

ProcessTree.setVisible()[source]

Sets the tree as visible if it is a user tree or if it has at least one visible child. An empty user tree is visible because it can be a newly created user tree and the user may want to fill it later.

ProcessTree.update()[source]

Recursively Updates visible attribute for each item in the tree. This method must be called when the visibility may have change. For exemple when the userLevel has changed, some process must become visibles.

ProcessTree.updateName()[source]

When the tree name is changed after construction. The new name must be saved if the tree is saved in minf file. So change the initName.

class brainvisa.processes.ProcessTrees(name=None)[source]

Bases: soma.notification.ObservableAttributes, soma.notification.ObservableSortedDictionary

Model for the list of process trees in brainvisa. A process tree is an instance of the class ProcessTree. It is a dictionary which maps each tree with its id. It contains several process trees :

  • default process tree : all processes in brainvisa/processes (that are not in a toolbox). Not modifiable by user.
  • toolboxes : processes grouped by theme. Not modifiable by user.
  • user process trees (personal bookmarks): lists created by the user and saved in a minf file.

A tree can be set as default. It becomes the current tree at Brainvisa start.

name

Name of the object.

userProcessTreeMinfFile

Path to the file which stores the process trees created by the user as bookmarks. Default filename is in brainvisa home directory and is called userProcessTrees.minf.

selectedTree

ProcessTree that is the current tree when Brainvisa starts.

Parameters:name (string) – Name of the object. Default is ‘Toolboxes’.
add(processTree)[source]

Add an item in the dictionary. If this item’s id is already present in the dictionary as a key, add the item’s content in the corresponding key. recursive method

load()[source]
Loads process trees :
  • a tree containing all processes that are not in toolboxes: the function allProcessesTree() returns it;
  • toolboxes as new trees;
  • user trees that are saved in a minf file in user’s .brainvisa directory.
save()[source]

Write trees created by the user in a minf file to restore them next time Brainvisa starts.

update()[source]

Updates all trees (evaluates visibility of each items).

Functions:
brainvisa.processes.getProcessInfo(processId)[source]

Gets information about the process whose id is given in parameter.

Return type:ProcessInfo
brainvisa.processes.allProcessesInfo()[source]

Returns a list of ProcessInfo objects for the loaded processes.

brainvisa.processes.getProcess(processId, ignoreValidation=False, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets the class associated to the process id given in parameter.

When the processes are loaded, a new class called NewProcess is created for each process. This class inherits from Process and adds an instance counter which is incremented each time a new instance of the process is created.

Parameters:
  • processId – the id or the name of the process, or a dictionary {‘type’ : ‘iteration|distributed|selection’, ‘children’ : [...] } to create an IterationProcess, a DistributedProcess or a SelectionProcess.
  • ignoreValidation (boolean) – if True the validation function of the process won’t be executed if the process need to be reloaded - default False.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – If True, the modification date of the source file of the process will be checked. If the file has been modified since the process loading, it may need to be reloaded. The user will be asked what he wants to do. Default True.
Returns:

a NewProcess class which inherits from Process.

brainvisa.processes.getProcessInstance(processIdClassOrInstance, ignoreValidation=False)[source]

Gets an instance of the process given in parameter.

Parameters:
  • processIdClassOrInstance (a process id, name, class, instance, execution node, or a the name of a file containing a backup copy of a process.) –
  • ignoreValidation (bool (optional)) – if True, a validation failure will not prevent from building an instance of the process.
Returns:

Return type:

an instance of the NewProcess class associated to the described process.

brainvisa.processes.getProcessInstanceFromProcessEvent(event)[source]

Gets an instance of a process described in a brainvisa.history.ProcessExecutionEvent.

Parameters:event – a brainvisa.history.ProcessExecutionEvent that describes the process: its structure and its parameters.
Returns:an instance of the NewProcess class associated to the described process. Parameters may have been set.
brainvisa.processes.getProcessFromExecutionNode(node)[source]

Gets a process instance corresponding to the given execution node.

Parameters:node – a process ExecutionNode
Returns:According to the type of node, it returns:
brainvisa.processes.getConverter(source, destination, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets a converter (a process that have the role converter) which can convert data from source format to destination format. Such converters can be used to extend the set of formats that a process accepts.

Parameters:
  • source – tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried.
  • destination – tuple (type, format)
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the converter needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

the NewProcess class associated to the found converter.

brainvisa.processes.getConvertersTo(dest, keepType=1, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets the converters which can convert data to destination format.

Parameters:
  • destination – tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried.
  • keepType (boolean) – if True, parent type won’t be tried. Default True.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the converters needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

a dict (type, format) -> NewProcess class associated to the found converter.

brainvisa.processes.getConvertersFrom(source, keepType=1, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets the converters which can convert data from source format to whatever format.

Parameters:
  • source – tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the converters needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

a dict (type, format) -> NewProcess class associated to the found converter.

brainvisa.processes.getViewer(source, enableConversion=1, checkUpdate=True, listof=False, index=0, process=None, check_values=False)[source]

Gets a viewer (a process that have the role viewer) which can visualize source data. The viewer is returned only if its userLevel is lower than the current userLevel.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format).
  • enableConversion (boolean) – if True, a viewer that accepts a format in which source can be converted is also accepted. Default True
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the viewer needs to be reloaded. Default True.
  • listof (boolean) – If True, we need a viewer for a list of data. If there is no specific viewer for a list of this type of data, a ListOfIterationProcess is created from the associated simple viewer. Default False.
  • index (int) – index of the viewer to find. Default 0.
  • process (None or NewProcess class or instance) – if specified, specialized viewers having a variable ‘allowed_processes’ which list this process, will be sorted first
  • check_values (bool) – if True, check if the 1st parameter of viewer actually accepts the source value. This is not always true because some filtering may happen using some requiredAttribues.
Returns:

the NewProcess class associated to the found viewer or None if not found at the specified index.

Return type:

viewer

brainvisa.processes.runViewer(source, context=None, process=None)[source]

Searches for a viewer for source data and runs the process. If viewer fail to display source, tries to get another.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem or something that enables to find a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.
  • context – the ExecutionContext. If None, the default context is used.
Returns:

the result of the execution of the found viewer.

brainvisa.processes.getDataEditor(source, enableConversion=0, checkUpdate=True, listof=False, index=0, process=None, check_values=False)[source]

Gets a data editor (a process that have the role editor) which can open source data for edition (modification). The data editor is returned only if its userLevel is lower than the current userLevel.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format).
  • enableConversion (boolean) – if True, a data editor that accepts a format in which source can be converted is also accepted. Default False
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the editor needs to be reloaded. Default True.
  • listof (boolean) – If True, we need an editor for a list of data. If there is no specific editor for a list of this type of data, a ListOfIterationProcess is created from the associated simple editor. Default False.
  • process (None or NewProcess class or instance) – if specified, specialized viewers having a variable ‘allowed_processes’ which list this process, will be sorted first
  • check_values (bool) – if True, check if the 1st parameter of each data editor actually accepts the source value. This is not always true because some filtering may happen using some requiredAttribues.
Returns:

editor

Return type:

the NewProcess class associated to the found editor.

brainvisa.processes.getImporter(source, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets a importer (a process that have the role importer) which can import data in the database.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem or a tuple (type, format).
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the process needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

the NewProcess class associated to the found process.

brainvisa.processes.addProcessInfo(processId, processInfo)[source]

Stores information about the process.

brainvisa.processes.readProcess(fileName, category=None, ignoreValidation=False, toolbox='brainvisa')[source]

Loads a process from its source file. The source file is a python file which defines some variables (signature, name, userLevel) and functions (validation, initialization, execution).

The process is indexed in the global lists of processes so it can be retrieved through the functions getProcess(), getProcessInfo(), getViewer(), ...

Parameters:
  • fileName (string) – the name of the file containing the source code of the process.
  • category (string) – category of the process. If None, it is the name of the directory containing the process.
  • ignoreValidation (boolean) – if True, the validation function of the process won’t be executed.
  • toolbox (string) – The id of the toolbox containing the process. Defaut is ‘brainvisa’, it indicates that the process is not in a toolbox.
Returns:

A NewProcess class representing the process if no exception is raised during the loading of the process.

A new class derived from Process is defined to store the content of the file:

class brainvisa.processes.NewProcess

Bases: Process

All the elements defined in the file are added to the class.

name

Name of the process. If it is not defined in the process file, it is the base name of the file without extension.

category

The category of the process. If it is not given in parameter, it is the name of the directory containing the process file.

dataDirectory

The data directory of the process is a directory near the process file with the same name and the extension .data. It is optional.

processReloadNotifier

A soma.notification.Notifier that will notify its observers when the process is reload.

signature

The parameters excepted by the process.

userLevel

Minimum userLevel needed to see the process.

roles

Roles of the process: viewer, converter, editor, impoter.

execution(self, context)

Execution function.

brainvisa.processes.readProcesses(processesPath)[source]

Read all the processes found in toolboxes and in a list of directories. The toolboxes are found with the function brainvisa.toolboxes.allToolboxes().

A global object representing a tree of processes is created, it is an instance of the ProcessTree

Parameters:processesPath (list) – list of paths to directories containing processes files.
brainvisa.processes.updatedMainProcessTree()[source]
Return type:ProcessTrees
Returns:Brainvisa list of process trees : all processes tree, toolboxes, user trees
brainvisa.processes.allProcessesTree()[source]

Get the tree that contains all processes. It is created when processes in processesPath are first read. Toolboxes processes are also added in this tree.

Return type:ProcessTrees
Returns:the tree that contains all processes.
brainvisa.processes.updateProcesses()[source]

Called when option userLevel has changed. Associated widgets will be updated automatically because they listens for changes.

brainvisa.processes.mainThread()[source]

Gets Brainvisa main thread.

brainvisa.processes.defaultContext()[source]

Gets the default execution context.

Return type:ExecutionContext
Returns:The default execution context associated to Brainvisa application.
brainvisa.processes.initializeProcesses()[source]

Intializes the global variables of the module. The current thread is stored as the main thread. A default execution context is created.

brainvisa.processes.cleanupProcesses()[source]

Callback associated to the application exit. The global variables are cleaned.

class brainvisa.processes.DiskItemConversionInfo(source, dest, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Contains information about neuroDiskItems.DiskItem conversions. The conversion needs a source and a destination

The object can be used to determine, if the conversion is possible, if it uses inheritance mechanisms, if it needs type conversion, if it needs format conversion.

If the conversion is possible, a distance between neuroDiskItems.DiskItem can be processed. This is useful to relevantly sort processes.DiskItemConversionInfo.

Parameters:source – the source of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem

conversion. It can be neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format). :param dest: the destination of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem conversion. It can be neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format). :param boolean checkUpdate: if the converters NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.

converter(exactConversionTypeOnly=False)[source]

Get converter between source and destination type if needed and possible.

Returns:the converter NewProcess if needed and possible

else None.

distance(useInheritanceOnly=False, exactConversionTypeOnly=False)[source]

Gets a distance between source neuroDiskItems.DiskItem and destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItem of the processes.DiskItemConversionInfo. This is useful to relevantly sort processes.DiskItemConversionInfo

Parameters:useInheritanceOnly (boolean) – Specify if the distance must be

processed only when neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType of the source inherits from neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType of the destination and does not need a NewProcess converter call. Default False. :param boolean exactConversionTypeOnly: Specify if the conversion is valid only when converter is registered for the exact destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType. Default False

Returns:None when conversion is not possible, else a tuple that

contains: 1) if the conversion needs a call to a NewProcess converter. When no converter call is needed, the value is 0, else the value is 1. 2) the distance between source neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType and destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType. When source type is equal to destination type, the value is 0. When source inherits from destination and no conversion is needed, the value is the number of levels between them, else the value is 1. 3) if the source neuroDiskItems.Format is identical to destination neuroDiskItems.Format value is 0, else 1

exactDestTypeConverter()[source]

Get converter between source and exact destination type if needed and possible.

Returns:the converter NewProcess to exact destination

type if needed and possible else None.

exists(useInheritanceOnly=False, exactConversionTypeOnly=False)[source]

Checks that a conversion between source neuroDiskItems.DiskItem and destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItem exists.

Parameters:useInheritanceOnly (boolean) – Specify if the check must only

consider inheritance between source neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType and destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType, without checking existing converter NewProcess. Default False. :param boolean exactConversionTypeOnly: Specify if the conversion is valid only when converter is registered for the exact destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType. Default False

Returns:True if conversion is possible between source

neuroDiskItems.DiskItem and destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, else False

class brainvisa.processes.DistributedProcess(name, processes)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Process

This class represents a set of process instances that can be executed in parallel.

class brainvisa.processes.ExecutionContext(userLevel=None, debug=None)[source]

Bases: object

This object represents the execution context of the processes.

Indeed, a process can be started in different contexts :

  • The user starts the process by clicking on the Run button in the graphical interface.
  • The process is started via a script. It is possible to run brainvisa in batch mode (without any graphical interface) and to run a process via a python function : brainvisa.processes.defaultContext().runProcess(...).
  • The process is a converter, so it can be run automatically by BrainVISA when a conversion is needed for another process parameters.
  • The process is a viewer or an editor, it is run when the user clicks on the corresponding icon to view or edit another process parameter.

The interactions with the user are different according to the context. That’s why the context object offers several useful functions to interact with BrainVISA and to call system commands. Here are these functions :

ask(message, *buttons, **kwargs)[source]

This method asks a question to the user. The message is displayed and the user is invited to choose a value among the propositions. The method returns the index of the chosen value, beginning by 0. If the answer is not valid, the returned value is -1. Sometimes, when the process is called automatically (in batch mode), these calls to context.ask are ignored and return directly -1 without asking question.

Example

>>> if context.ask('Is the result ok ?', 'yes', 'no') == 1:
>>>     try_again()
checkInterruption()[source]

This function is used to define breakpoints. When the process execution reach a breakpoint, the user can interrupt the process. There are 4 types of breakpoints automatically added :

  • before each system call (context.system)
  • after each system call (context.system)
  • before each sub-process call (context.runProcess)
  • after each sub-process call (context.runProcess)

To allow the user to interrupt the process at another place, you have to use the function context.checkInterruption. If the user has clicked on the Interrupt button while the process runs, it will stop when reaching the checkInterruption point.

dialog(*args)[source]

This method is available only in a graphical context. Like ask, it is used to ask a question to the user, but the dialog interface is customisable. It is possible to add a signature to the dialog : fields that the user has to fill in.

Example

>>> dial = context.dialog(1, 'Enter a value', Signature('param', Number()), _t_('OK'), _t_('Cancel'))
>>> dial.setValue('param', 0)
>>> r = dial.call()
>>> if r == 0:
>>>     v=dial.getValue('param')
error(*messages)[source]

This method is used to print an error message. Like the above function, it adds some HTML tags to change the appearance of the message and calls write() function.

getConverter(source, dest, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets a converter process which can convert the source diskitem from its format to the destination format.

getProgressInfo(process, childrencount=None, parent=None)[source]

Get the progress info for a given process or execution node, or create one if none already exists. A regular process may call it.

The output is a tuple containing the ProgressInfo and the process itself, just in case the input process is in fact a ProgressInfo instance. A ProgressInfo has no hard reference in BrainVISA: when you don’t need it anymore, it is destroyed via Python reference counting, and is considered done 100% for its parent.

Parameters:childrencount – it is the number of children that the process will have, and is not the same as the own count of the process in itself, which is in addition to children (and independent), and specified when using the progress() method.
log(*args, **kwargs)[source]

context.log(what, when=None, html=’‘, children=[], icon=None)

This method is used to add a message to BrainVISA log. The first parameter what is the name of the entry in the log, the message to write is in the html parameter.

progress(value=None, count=None, process=None)[source]

Set the progress information for the parent process or ProgressInfo instance, and output it using the context output mechanisms.

Parameters:
  • value – is the progress value to set. If none, the value will not be changed, but the current status will be shown.
  • count – is the maximum value for the process own progress value (not taking children into account).
  • process – is either the calling process, or the ProgressInfo.
pythonSystem(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Same as system() but for python2 commands:

Prepends the python2 executable to the command, and use the executable full path to call system(). The 1st arg should thus be the python script. On Unix, this should have the same result as using system(), but on Windows the script will not be recognized as a python script, so needs this wrapping.

runInteractiveProcess(callMeAtTheEnd, process, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Runs a process in a new thread and calls a callback function when the execution is finished.

Parameters:
  • callMeAtTheEnd (function) – callback function which will be called the process execution is finished.
  • process – id of the process which will be run.
runProcess(_process, *args, **kwargs)[source]

It is possible to call a sub-process in the current process by calling context.runProcess.

The first argument is the process identifier, which is either the filename wihtout extension of the process or its english name. The other arguments are the values of the process parameters. All mandatory argument must have a value. The function returns the value returned by the sub-process execution method.

Example

>>> context.runProcess('do_something', self.input, self.output, value=3.14)

In this example, the process do_something is called with self.input as the first paramter value, self.ouput as the second parameter value and 3.14 to the parameter named value.

showException(beforeError='', afterError='', exceptionInfo=None)[source]

same as the global brainvisa.processing.neuroException.showException() but displays in the current context (the process output box for instance)

showProgress(value, count=None)[source]

Output the given progress value. This is just the output method which is overriden in subclassed contexts.

Users should normally not call it directory, but use progress() instead.

system(*args, **kwargs)[source]

This function is used to call system commands. It is very similar to functions like os.system() in Python and system() in C. The main difference is the management of messages sent on standard output. These messages are intercepted and reported in BrainVISA interface according to the current execution context.

Moreover, a command started using this function can be interrupted via the Interrupt button in the interface which is not the case if the python os.system() function is used directly.

If the command is given as one argument, it is converted to a string and passed to the system. If there are several arguments, each argument is converted to a string, surrounded by simple quotes and all elements are joined, separated by spaces. The resulting command is passed to the system. The second method is recommended because the usage of quotes enables to pass arguments that contain spaces. The function returns the value returned by the system command.

optional keyword paramerers

outputLevel: (int)
if >=0 and < userLevel, write stdout in log
stdoutInContext: (bool)
if True, write stdout in the current context output
ignoreReturnValue: (bool)
if True, ignore the command return value. Useful when you know the command will exit badly even if the work is done.
stdout: (file object)
if specified, stdout will be written in this stream. It may be a StringIO object.
stderr: (file object)
if specified, stderr will be written in this stream. It may be a StringIO object.
nativeEnv: (bool or None)
if True, forces execution within the “native” system environment variables (for commands external to the brainvisa binary distribution). If False, force execution within the current brainvisa environment. If None (default), guess if the executed command path is external to the main brainvisa path.
cwd: (str or None)
Current directory of the child process (by default or if None, it is inherited from the parent process i.e. BrainVISA).
env: dict
Environment variables to be set. Contrarily to soma.subprocess.Popen, they do not completely replace the current environment variables, but only add / replace the given variables. If both env and nativeEnv keyword arguments are used, nativeEnv acts before env, thus native environment can be overriden by env.

Example

>>> arg1 = 'x'
>>> arg2 = 'y z'
>>> context.system('command ' + arg1 + ' ' + arg2)
>>> context.system('command', arg1, arg2)

The first call generates the command command x y z which calls the commands with 3 parameters. The second call generates the command ‘command’ ‘x’ ‘y z’ which calls the command with two parameters.

temporary(format, diskItemType=None)[source]

This method enables to create a temporary DiskItem. The argument format is the temporary data format. The optional argument type is the data type. It generates one or several unique filenames (according to the format) in the temporary directory of BrainVISA (it can be changed in BrainVISA configuration). No file is created by this function. The process has to create it. The temporary files are deleted automatically when the temporary diskitem returned by the function is no later used.

Example

>>> tmp = context.temporary('GIS image')
>>> context.runProcess('threshold', self.input, tmp, self.threshold)
>>> tmp2 = context.temporary('GIS image')
>>> context.system('AimsMorphoMath', '-m', 'ero', '-i', tmp.fullPath(), '-o', tmp2.fullPath(), '-r', self.size)
>>> del tmp

In this example, a temporary data in GIS format is created and it is used to store the output of the process threshold. Then a new temporary data is created to store the output of a command line. At the end, the variable tmp is deleted, so the temporary data is no more referenced and the corresponding files are deleted.

warning(*messages)[source]

This method is used to print a warning message. This function adds some HTML tags to change the appearance of the message and calls the write() function.

write(*messages, **kwargs)[source]

This method is used to print information messages during the process execution. All arguments are converted into strings and joined to form the message. This message may contain HTML tags for an improved display. The result vary according to the context. If the process is run via its graphical interface, the message is displayed in the process window. If the process is run via a script, the message is displayed in the terminal. The message can also be ignored if the process is called automatically by brainvisa or another process.

context.write("Computing threshold of <i>", self.input.name, "</i>..." )
class brainvisa.processes.ExecutionNode(name='', optional=False, selected=True, guiOnly=False, parameterized=None, expandedInGui=False)[source]

Bases: object

Base class for the classes that describe a pipeline structure.

Parameters:
  • name (str) – name of the node - default ‘’.
  • optional (boolean) – indicates if this node is optional in the pipeline - default False.
  • selected (boolean) – indicates if the node is selected in the pipeline - default True.
  • guiOnly (boolean) – default False.
  • parameterizedParameterized containing the signature of the node - default None.
addChild(name, node, index=None)[source]

Add a new child execution node.

Parameters:
  • name (string) – name which identifies the node
  • node – an ExecutionNode which will be added to this node’s children.
addDoubleLink(destination, source, function=None)[source]

Creates a double link source -> destination and destination -> source.

addExecutionDependencies(deps)[source]

Adds to the execution node dependencies on the execution of other nodes. This allows to build a dependencies structure which is not forced to be a tree, but can be a grapĥ. Dependencies are used to build Soma-Workflow workflows with correct dependencies.

addLink(destination, source, function=None, destDefaultUpdate=True)[source]

Adds a parameter link like Parameterized.addLink().

allParameterFiles()[source]

Get recursively all parameters which are DiskItems, descending through the pipeline structure.

child(name, default=None)[source]

Get a child node by name.

children()[source]

Returns the list of children execution nodes.

childrenNames()[source]

Returns the list of names of the children execution nodes.

gui(parent, processView=None)[source]

Returns the graphical user interface of this node.

hasChildren()[source]

Returns True if this node has children.

isSelected()[source]

True if this node is selected.

name()[source]

Returns the name of the node.

parent_node()[source]

Returns the parent node, if any.

New in Axon 4.6.

parent_pipeline()[source]

Returns the root pipeline process from which this node is part of, if it is actually part of a pipeline (otherwise None is returned).

New in Axon 4.6.

parseParameterString(parameterString)[source]

Returns a tuple containing the Parameterized object of the child node indicated in the parameter string and the name of the parameter.

Parameters:parameterString (string) – references a parameter of a child node with a path like <node name 1>.<node name 2>...<parameter name>
removeChild(name)[source]

Remove child execution node.

Parameters:name (string) – name which identifies the node
removeDoubleLink(destination, source, function=None, show_warnings=True)[source]

Removes a double link source -> destination and destination -> source.

removeLink(destination, source, function=None, show_warnings=True)[source]

Removes a parameters link added with addLink().

run(context)[source]

Calls _run() method if the node is selected.

setSelected(selected)[source]

Change the selection state of the node.

Parameters:selected (bool) – new selection state of the node. If the selection changes, a selection change notifier is notified.
class brainvisa.processes.IterationProcess(name, processes, base=None)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Process

This class represents a set of process instances that can be executed in parallel.

It is used to iterate the same process on a set of data.

class brainvisa.processes.ListOfIterationProcess(name, processes)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.IterationProcess

An IterationProcess which has on its main signature a list of the first element of each sub-process.

Used for viewers and editors of ListOf()

class brainvisa.processes.ParallelExecutionNode(name='', optional=False, selected=True, guiOnly=False, parameterized=None, stopOnError=True, expandedInGui=False, possibleChildrenProcesses=None, notify=False)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.SerialExecutionNode

An execution node that run all its children in any order (and in parallel if possible)

class brainvisa.processes.Parameterized(signature)[source]

Bases: object

This class represents an object that have a signature, that is to say a list of typed parameters.

A Parameterized object can notify the changes in its signature. The parameters can be linked together, that is to say, if the value of a parameter changes, the value of all linked parameters may change.

This object has an initialization() function that can define the links between the parameters and their initial values.

Attributes:
signature

The signature is a brainvisa.data.neuroData.Signature. It contains the list of parameters accepted by the object and their types. The possible types are described in brainvisa.data.neuroData.

signatureChangeNotifier

This variable is a soma.notification.Notifier. It calls its notify function when the signature of the Parameterized object changes.

Creates a double link source -> destination and destination -> source.

Add a link between source and destination parameters. When the value of source changes, the value of destination may change. Contrary to linkParameters(), the link will always be applied, even if the destination parameter has no more its default value.

Parameters:
  • destination (str) – name of the parameter that may change when the source parameters change. If None, the link function will be called every time the source parameters change.
  • source (str, tuple or list) – one or several parameters, whose modification will activate the link function.
  • function (function) – specific function that will be called instead of the default one when the link is activated. The signature of the function is function(self, *sources ) -> destination
  • destDefaultUpdate (bool) – specify that destination attribute will be marked as manually changed if the default value was changed by the link.
addParameterObserver(parameterName, function)[source]

Associates a callback function to the modifications of the parameter value.

Parameters:
  • parameterName (str) – the name of the parameter whose modification will activate the callback.
  • function (function) – the callback function. its signature is function(self, parameterName, newValue)

While links are blocked, calls to setValue() or other parameters changes do not trigger links.

changeSignature(signature)[source]

Sets a new signature. Previous values of attributes are kept if the attributes are still in the signature. Links and observer callbacks that are no more associated to the signature parameters are deleted. The signatureChangeNotifier is notified.

checkArguments()[source]

Checks the value of the parameters described in the signature.

cleanup()[source]

Removes all links, observers, and stored converted values, reinitializes the signature change notifier.

clearLinksFrom(*args)[source]

Removes all links associated to a parameter in args as a source.

clearLinksTo(*args)[source]

Removes all links that have a parameter in args as a destination.

findValue(attributeName, value)[source]

Calls setValue().

initialization()[source]

This function does nothing by default but it may be overrideed in processes classes to define initial values for the parameters or links between parameters.

isDefault(key)[source]

Returns True if the parameter key has kept its default value.

linkParameters(destName, sources, function=None, link_attributes={})[source]

Links the parameters. When one of the sources parameters change, the value of destName parameter may change. It is possible to give a specific link function that will be called when the link is applied but it is not mandatory, a default function exists according to the type of parameter.

Parameters:
  • destName (string) – name of the parameter that may change when the sources parameters change. If None, the link function will be called every time the source parameters change.
  • sources (string, tuple or list of strings) – one or several parameters, whose modification will activate the link function.
  • function (function) – specific function to call instead of the default one when the link is activated. The signature of the function is function(self, process), returning destination
  • link_attributes (dict (optional)) –

    A dictionary of mandatory linked attributes. This is only meaningful for DiskItem parameters, which have attributes. Attributes listed here will be added as requiredAttributes to ReadDiskItem.findValue(). The dict maps destination attributes from source parameters attributes values. Ex: * {‘dst_attrib’: ‘src_attrib’}

    will get in the source parameter value the attribute ‘src_attrib’, and its value will be forced as the value of the ‘dst_attrib’ attribute of the destination parameter.
    • {‘dst_attrib1’: ‘src_param1:src_attrib1’,
      ‘dst_attrib2’: ‘src_param2:src_attrib2’}

      will get the attribute value of ‘src_attrib1’ in source parameter ‘src_param1’, and set it as the value of ‘dst_attrib1’ of the destination parameter. Same for ‘dst_attrib2’, but the value will be taken from another source parameter.

    As values are passed as requiredAttributes, they are thus mandatory in the destination parameter value, and are “stronger” than standard links. In this respect, it can be meaningful to get an attribute which has already the same name/value in the source parameter: {‘my_attrib’: ‘my_attrib’} will just reject values with non-matching attribute ‘my_attrib’ (compared to a standard link).

parameterLinkable(key, debug=None)[source]

Indicates if the value of the parameter can change through a parameter link.

Removes a double link source -> destination and destination -> source.

Removes a link added with addLink() function.

removeParameterObserver(parameterName, function)[source]

Removes the callback function from the parameter observers.

restoreConvertedValues()[source]

Restore values as they were before conversions using the values stored in an internal dictionary.

setConvertedValue(name, value)[source]

Sets the value but stores the previous value in an internal dictionary.

setDefault(key, value)[source]

Stores if the parameter key have kept its default value or not.

setDisable(*args)[source]

Indicates that the parameters are hidden and optional.

setEnable(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Indicates parameters visibility and mandatory using examples : self.setEnable( *args)

self.setEnable( *args, userLevel=0) self.setEnable( *args, userLevel=0, mandatory=True)

optional keyword paramerers

userLevel: int
indicates that the parameters are visible or hidden regarding the userLevel. ( default value : the previous userLevel is kept )
mandatory: boolean
indicates that the parameters are mandatory(True) or optional(False). ( default value : True )
setHidden(*args)[source]

Indicates that the parameters are hidden.

setMandatory(*args)[source]

Indicates that the parameters are mandatory.

setOptional(*args)[source]

Indicates that the parameters are not mandatory.

setSection(section, *args)[source]

Sets the section of the parameters. Parameters are then sorted by section in the GUI

setUserLevel(userLevel, *args)[source]

Assign a userLevel to a list of parameters.

setValue(name, value, default=None)[source]

Checks the value, sets the attribute name. If the value has changed, _parameterHasChanged() is called to apply the links.

setVisible(*args)[source]

Indicates that the parameters are visible.

class brainvisa.processes.Process[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Parameterized

This class represents a Brainvisa process or pipeline.

This object has a signature that describes its inputs and outputs and an execution function execution(). If it is a pipeline, it also have an execution node that describes the structure of the pipeline.

Attributes:
signature

The signature is a brainvisa.data.neuroData.Signature. It contains the list of parameters accepted by the object and their types. The possible types are described in brainvisa.data.neuroData.

category(string)

The processes are organized into categories. Generally, the category is the name of the directory where the process file is located.

userLevel(integer)

The process is available in Brainvisa interface if its userLevel is lower or equal than the userLevel selected in Brainvisa options. 0 : Basic, 1: Advanced, 2: Expert.

showMaximized(boolean)

If true, the process window is shown maximized with a frame around it.

Methods:
id()[source]

Returns the process id.

validation()[source]

This method can be overrideed in order to check if the process dependencies are available. It will be called at Brainvisa startup when the processes are loaded. If the method raises an exception, the process will not be available.

Raises:brainvisa.validation.ValidationError
execution(context)[source]

Execution function that is called when the process is run.

executionNode()[source]

Returns the execution node of the pipeline.

setExecutionNode(eNode)[source]

Sets the execution node of the pipeline.

Parameters:eNode (ExecutionNode) – object that describes the structure of the pipeline.
getAllParameters()[source]

Returns all the parameters of the current process and its children if it is a pipeline.

Returns:tuples (Parameterized, attribute name, attribute type)
Return type:generator
allProcesses()[source]

Returns the current process and all its children if it is a pipeline.

Return type:generator
pipelineStructure()[source]

Returns the description of a pipeline in a dictionary or the id of the process if it is a simple process.

sourceFile()[source]

Returns the name of the source file of the process.

sourcePath()[source]

Returns the path to the source file of the process.

inlineGUI(values, context, parent, externalRunButton=False)[source]

This method can be overrideed in order to specialize buttons of the process window.

Parameters:
  • context – the execution context of the process
  • parent – The parent widget
Returns:

widget – the widget containing the buttons that will replace the default buttons (Run and Iterate)

Return type:

QWidget

_iterate(warn=True, **kwargs)[source]

Returns a list of copies of the current process with different parameters values.

Parameters:
  • warn (bool) – raise an exception if iterated parameters lists sizes do not match
  • kwargs – dictionary containing a list of values for each parameter name. The first value is for the first process of the iteration and so on...
_copy(withparams=True)[source]

Returns a copy of the process. The value of the parameters are also copied if withparams is True (which is the default)

allParameterFiles()[source]

Get recursively all parameters which are DiskItems, descending through the pipeline structure.

allProcesses()[source]

Returns the current process and all its children if it is a pipeline.

Return type:generator
execution(context)[source]

Execution function that is called when the process is run.

executionNode()[source]

Returns the execution node of the pipeline.

getAllParameters()[source]

Returns all the parameters of the current process and its children if it is a pipeline.

Returns:tuples (Parameterized, attribute name, attribute type)
Return type:generator
id()[source]

Returns the process id.

inlineGUI(values, context, parent, externalRunButton=False)[source]

This method can be overrideed in order to specialize buttons of the process window.

Parameters:
  • context – the execution context of the process
  • parent – The parent widget
Returns:

widget – the widget containing the buttons that will replace the default buttons (Run and Iterate)

Return type:

QWidget

parent_pipeline()[source]

Returns the root pipeline process from which this process is part of, if it is actually part of a pipeline (otherwise None is returned).

New in Axon 4.6.

pipelineStructure()[source]

Returns the description of a pipeline in a dictionary or the id of the process if it is a simple process.

saveStateInDictionary(result=None)[source]

Returns the description of the process in a dictionary.

setExecutionNode(eNode)[source]

Sets the execution node of the pipeline.

Parameters:eNode (ExecutionNode) – object that describes the structure of the pipeline.
sourceFile()[source]

Returns the name of the source file of the process.

sourcePath()[source]

Returns the path to the source file of the process.

validation()[source]

This method can be overrideed in order to check if the process dependencies are available. It will be called at Brainvisa startup when the processes are loaded. If the method raises an exception, the process will not be available.

Raises:brainvisa.validation.ValidationError
class brainvisa.processes.ProcessExecutionNode(process, optional=False, selected=True, guiOnly=False, expandedInGui=False, altname=None)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.ExecutionNode

An execution node that has no children and run one process

processReloaded(newProcess)[source]

If the associated process has an attribute processReloadNotifier, this callback is attached to the notifier. So, the node is reloaded when the process is reloaded.

class brainvisa.processes.ProcessInfo(id, name, signature, userLevel, category, fileName, roles, toolbox, module=None, showMaximized=False)[source]

This object stores information about a process. Such objects are created at BrainVISA startup when the processes are loaded.

id

Id of the process. It is the name of the file without extension in lowercase.

name

Name of the process as it is displayed in the GUI.

signature

Process excepted parameters.

userLevel

User level needed to see the process.

category

Process category path: <toolbox>/<category1>/<category2>/...

showMaximized

Process window maximized state.

fileName

Path to the file containing the source code of the process.

roles

Tuple containing the specific roles of the process: viewer, converter, editor, importer.

valid

False if the validation method of the process fails - default True.

procdoc

The content of the .procdoc file associated to this process in a dictionary. It represents the documentation of the process.

toolbox

The id of the toolbox containing the process.

module

Module path to the source of the process related to the toolbox directory. <processes>.<category1>...<process>

html()[source]

Returns the process information in html format.

class brainvisa.processes.ProcessSet(type, format, ids=(), listof=False)[source]

Bases: set

Bases: set

Set of processes that can process neuroDiskItems.DiskItem of a particular neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType and neuroDiskItems.Format

:param neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType type: type of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem that can be used by the set of processes. :param neuroDiskItems.Format format: format of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem that can be used by the processes of the ProcessSet. :param tuple ids: identifiers of processes NewProcess of the ProcessSet. :param bool listof: if the registered processes are able to process a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem or not.

accept(source, enableConversion=1, exactConversionTypeOnly=False, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Check that a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source is processable using the processes of the current ProcessSet

Parameters:enableConversion (int) – if the source can be converted to be

processed by the processes of the current ProcessSet. Default 1. :param boolean checkUpdate: if the converters NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True. :param boolean exactConversionTypeOnly: Specify if the conversion is valid only when converter is registered for the exact destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType. Default False

Returns:True if the source is processable using the processes of the

current ProcessSet, else False.

processes(checkUpdate=True)[source]

Get processes associated to the current ProcessSet and filtered for the current user level

Parameters:checkUpdate (boolean) – if the processes NewProcess

must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.

Returns:a list of processes NewProcess associated to the

current ProcessSet and filtered for the current user level.

source()[source]
Returns:a tuple containing neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType

and neuroDiskItems.Format associated to the ProcessSet.

class brainvisa.processes.ProcessTree(name=None, id=None, icon=None, tooltip=None, editable=True, user=True, content=[])[source]

Bases: soma.notification.EditableTree

Bases: soma.notification.EditableTree

Represents a hierarchy of processes. It is used to represent the processes of a toolbox or a set of personal bookmarks on processes.

The tree contains branches: categories or directories, and leaves: processes.

This object can be saved in a minf file (in userProcessTree.minf for user bookmarks).

Parameters:
  • name (string) – name of the tree
  • id (string) – id of the process. if None, it is set to the name in lowercase.
  • icon (string) – filename of an icon that represents the process tree.
  • tooltip (string) – description associated to the process tree
  • editable (boolean) – if True, the tree can be modified after its creation.
  • user (boolean) – if True, this tree is a custom process tree created by the user (personal bookmarks on processes)
  • content (list) – initial content, list of children to add in the tree.
class Branch(name=None, id=None, editable=True, icon=None, content=[])[source]

Bases: soma.notification.Branch

Bases: soma.notification.EditableTree.Branch

A directory that contains processes and/or another branches. Enables to organise processes by category.

setVisible()[source]

Sets the branch as visible if it has no child or if it has at least one visible child. Empty branch is visible because it can be a newly created user branch and the user may want to fill it later.

update(userTree=False)[source]

Updates recursively visible attribute for each item in the branch. This method must be called when the visibility may have change. For exemple when the userLevel has changed, some processes must become visibles.

class ProcessTree.Leaf(id, name=None, editable=True, icon=None, userLevel=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: soma.notification.Leaf

Bases: soma.notification.EditableTree.Leaf

A ProcessTree.Leaf represents a process.

setVisible(processInfo)[source]

A ProcessTree.Leaf is valid if the id references a process in _processesInfo and if the process’ userLevel is lower or equal than global userLevel and the related process is valid (validation function succeeded).

update(userTree=False)[source]

Called when the parent tree is updated because some visibility conditions have changed. Evaluates the visibility of the reprensented process.

ProcessTree.addDir(processesDir, category='', processesCache={}, toolbox='brainvisa')[source]

Adds the processes from a directory to the current tree. Subdirectories will become the branches of the tree and processes will become the leaves of the tree.

Parameters:
  • processesDir (string) – directory where processes are recursively searched.
  • category (string) – category prefix for all processes found in this directory (useful for toolboxes : all processes category begins with toolbox’s name.
  • processesCache (dictionary) – a dictionary containing previously saved processes info stored by id. Processes that are in this cache are not reread.
ProcessTree.setEditable(bool)[source]

Makes the tree editable. All its children becomes modifiable and deletable.

ProcessTree.setName(n)[source]

Renames the tree. The tooltip is also changed it was equal to the name.

ProcessTree.setVisible()[source]

Sets the tree as visible if it is a user tree or if it has at least one visible child. An empty user tree is visible because it can be a newly created user tree and the user may want to fill it later.

ProcessTree.update()[source]

Recursively Updates visible attribute for each item in the tree. This method must be called when the visibility may have change. For exemple when the userLevel has changed, some process must become visibles.

ProcessTree.updateName()[source]

When the tree name is changed after construction. The new name must be saved if the tree is saved in minf file. So change the initName.

class brainvisa.processes.ProcessTrees(name=None)[source]

Bases: soma.notification.ObservableAttributes, soma.notification.ObservableSortedDictionary

Model for the list of process trees in brainvisa. A process tree is an instance of the class ProcessTree. It is a dictionary which maps each tree with its id. It contains several process trees :

  • default process tree : all processes in brainvisa/processes (that are not in a toolbox). Not modifiable by user.
  • toolboxes : processes grouped by theme. Not modifiable by user.
  • user process trees (personal bookmarks): lists created by the user and saved in a minf file.

A tree can be set as default. It becomes the current tree at Brainvisa start.

name

Name of the object.

userProcessTreeMinfFile

Path to the file which stores the process trees created by the user as bookmarks. Default filename is in brainvisa home directory and is called userProcessTrees.minf.

selectedTree

ProcessTree that is the current tree when Brainvisa starts.

Parameters:name (string) – Name of the object. Default is ‘Toolboxes’.
add(processTree)[source]

Add an item in the dictionary. If this item’s id is already present in the dictionary as a key, add the item’s content in the corresponding key. recursive method

load()[source]
Loads process trees :
  • a tree containing all processes that are not in toolboxes: the function allProcessesTree() returns it;
  • toolboxes as new trees;
  • user trees that are saved in a minf file in user’s .brainvisa directory.
save()[source]

Write trees created by the user in a minf file to restore them next time Brainvisa starts.

update()[source]

Updates all trees (evaluates visibility of each items).

class brainvisa.processes.ProgressInfo(parent=None, count=None, process=None)[source]

Bases: object

ProgressInfo is a tree-like structure for progression information in a process or a pipeline. The final goal is to provide feedback to the user via a progress bar. ProgressInfo has children for sub-processes (when used in a pipeline), or a local value for its own progression.

A ProgressInfo normally registers itself in the calling Process, and is destroyed when the process is destroyed, or when the process _progressinfo variable is deleted.

Parameters:
  • parent – is a ProgressInfo instance.
  • count – is a number of children which will be attached.
  • process – is the calling process.
attach(pinfo)[source]

Don’t use this method directly, it is part of the internal mechanism, called by the constructor.

setValue(value, count=None)[source]

Set the ProgressInfo own progress value (not its children)

setdone()[source]

Marks the ProgressInfo as done 100%, the children are detached.

value()[source]

Calculate the progress value including those of children.

class brainvisa.processes.SelectionExecutionNode(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.ExecutionNode

An execution node that run one of its children

addChild(name, node, index=None)[source]

Add a new child execution node

childSelectionChange(node)[source]

This callback is called when the selection state of a child has changed. If the child is selected, all the other children must be unselected because this node is a selectionNode.

class brainvisa.processes.SelectionProcess(name, processes)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Process

This class represents a choice between a list of processes.

class brainvisa.processes.SerialExecutionNode(name='', optional=False, selected=True, guiOnly=False, parameterized=None, stopOnError=True, expandedInGui=False, possibleChildrenProcesses=None, notify=False)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.ExecutionNode

An execution node that run all its children sequentially

brainvisa.processes.addProcessInfo(processId, processInfo)[source]

Stores information about the process.

brainvisa.processes.allProcessesInfo()[source]

Returns a list of ProcessInfo objects for the loaded processes.

brainvisa.processes.allProcessesTree()[source]

Get the tree that contains all processes. It is created when processes in processesPath are first read. Toolboxes processes are also added in this tree.

Return type:ProcessTrees
Returns:the tree that contains all processes.
brainvisa.processes.cleanupProcesses()[source]

Callback associated to the application exit. The global variables are cleaned.

Converts special links and tags in a procdoc documentation. The possible special links or tags are:

  • bvcategory:// refers to the documentation of a processes category (directory containing processes).
  • bvprocess:// refers to the documentation of a process
  • bvimage:// refers to an image in Brainvisa images directory
  • <_t_> translates the string in the selected language
  • *<bvprocessname name=”“> replaces the id by the name of the process
brainvisa.processes.defaultContext()[source]

Gets the default execution context.

Return type:ExecutionContext
Returns:The default execution context associated to Brainvisa application.
brainvisa.processes.generateHTMLProcessesDocumentation(procId=None)[source]

Generates HTML pages for the documentation of the process in parameter or for all processes if procId is None. The process generateDocumentation is used.

brainvisa.processes.getConversionInfo(source, dest, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets information about conversion of a source neuroDiskItems.DiskItem and destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.

Parameters:source – the source of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem

conversion. It can be neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format). :param dest: the destination of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem conversion. It can be neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format). :param boolean checkUpdate: if the converters NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.

Returns:a processes.DiskItemConversionInfo
brainvisa.processes.getConverter(source, destination, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets a converter (a process that have the role converter) which can convert data from source format to destination format. Such converters can be used to extend the set of formats that a process accepts.

Parameters:
  • source – tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried.
  • destination – tuple (type, format)
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the converter needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

the NewProcess class associated to the found converter.

brainvisa.processes.getConverters()[source]

Gets the converter name list.

brainvisa.processes.getConvertersFrom(source, keepType=1, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets the converters which can convert data from source format to whatever format.

Parameters:
  • source – tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the converters needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

a dict (type, format) -> NewProcess class associated to the found converter.

brainvisa.processes.getConvertersTo(dest, keepType=1, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets the converters which can convert data to destination format.

Parameters:
  • destination – tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried.
  • keepType (boolean) – if True, parent type won’t be tried. Default True.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the converters needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

a dict (type, format) -> NewProcess class associated to the found converter.

brainvisa.processes.getDataEditor(source, enableConversion=0, checkUpdate=True, listof=False, index=0, process=None, check_values=False)[source]

Gets a data editor (a process that have the role editor) which can open source data for edition (modification). The data editor is returned only if its userLevel is lower than the current userLevel.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format).
  • enableConversion (boolean) – if True, a data editor that accepts a format in which source can be converted is also accepted. Default False
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the editor needs to be reloaded. Default True.
  • listof (boolean) – If True, we need an editor for a list of data. If there is no specific editor for a list of this type of data, a ListOfIterationProcess is created from the associated simple editor. Default False.
  • process (None or NewProcess class or instance) – if specified, specialized viewers having a variable ‘allowed_processes’ which list this process, will be sorted first
  • check_values (bool) – if True, check if the 1st parameter of each data editor actually accepts the source value. This is not always true because some filtering may happen using some requiredAttribues.
Returns:

editor

Return type:

the NewProcess class associated to the found editor.

brainvisa.processes.getDataEditors(source, enableConversion=1, checkUpdate=True, listof=False, process=None, check_values=False)[source]

Get data editors NewProcess able to edit a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source.

Data editors are ordered using the distance of processes.DiskItemConversionInfo between the neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source to edit and the neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source registered for the data editor. The data editors registered with closest sources appear first.

Parameters:
  • enableConversion (int) – if the source can be converted to be edited. Default 1.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if converters and data editors NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.
  • listof (boolean) – if the viewers NewProcess must be able to edit list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem. Default False.
  • process (None or NewProcess class or instance) – if specified, specialized data editors having a variable ‘allowed_processes’ which list this process, will be sorted first
  • check_values (bool) – if True, check if the 1st parameter of each data editor actually accepts the source value. This is not always true because some filtering may happen using some requiredAttribues.
Returns:

a list of data editors NewProcess.

Return type:

data editors

brainvisa.processes.getDefaultListOfDataEditor(source, enableConversion=1, checkUpdate=True, process=None)[source]

Get a default data editor for a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.

Parameters:enableConversion (int) – if the source can be converted to be

edited. Default 1. :param boolean checkUpdate: if converters and data editors NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.

Returns:Callable Object that can be used to edit a list of

neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.

brainvisa.processes.getDefaultListOfProcesses(source, role, enableConversion=1, checkUpdate=True, process=None)[source]

Get a default processes able to play the given role for a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.

role: str
the role of processes to get (mainly ‘viewer’ or ‘editor)
enableConversion: int
if the source can be converted to be used. Default 1.
checkUpdate: boolean
if processes NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.
Returns:Callable Object that can play the given role for a list of

neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.

brainvisa.processes.getDefaultListOfViewer(source, enableConversion=1, checkUpdate=True, process=None)[source]

Get a default viewer for a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.

Parameters:enableConversion (int) – if the source can be converted to be

visualized. Default 1. :param boolean checkUpdate: if converters and viewers NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.

Returns:Callable Object that can be used to visualize a list of

neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.

brainvisa.processes.getDiskItemSourceInfo(source)[source]

Gets a tuple containing source neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType and neuroDiskItems.Format.

Parameters:source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format).
brainvisa.processes.getHTMLFileName(processId, documentation=None, language=None)[source]

Gets the path to the html page corresponding to the documentation of the process in parameter.

brainvisa.processes.getImporter(source, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets a importer (a process that have the role importer) which can import data in the database.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem or a tuple (type, format).
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the process needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

the NewProcess class associated to the found process.

brainvisa.processes.getNearestConverter(source, dest, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets the nearest converter which can convert data from source to dest.

Parameters:
  • source – tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried.
  • dest – tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the converters needs to be reloaded. Default True.
Returns:

a tuple ((source_distance, dest_distance), process) NewProcess class associated to the found converter.

brainvisa.processes.getProcdocFileName(processId)[source]

Returns the name of the file (.procdoc) that contains the documentation of the process in parameter.

brainvisa.processes.getProcess(processId, ignoreValidation=False, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Gets the class associated to the process id given in parameter.

When the processes are loaded, a new class called NewProcess is created for each process. This class inherits from Process and adds an instance counter which is incremented each time a new instance of the process is created.

Parameters:
  • processId – the id or the name of the process, or a dictionary {‘type’ : ‘iteration|distributed|selection’, ‘children’ : [...] } to create an IterationProcess, a DistributedProcess or a SelectionProcess.
  • ignoreValidation (boolean) – if True the validation function of the process won’t be executed if the process need to be reloaded - default False.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – If True, the modification date of the source file of the process will be checked. If the file has been modified since the process loading, it may need to be reloaded. The user will be asked what he wants to do. Default True.
Returns:

a NewProcess class which inherits from Process.

brainvisa.processes.getProcessFromExecutionNode(node)[source]

Gets a process instance corresponding to the given execution node.

Parameters:node – a process ExecutionNode
Returns:According to the type of node, it returns:
brainvisa.processes.getProcessInfo(processId)[source]

Gets information about the process whose id is given in parameter.

Return type:ProcessInfo
brainvisa.processes.getProcessInstance(processIdClassOrInstance, ignoreValidation=False)[source]

Gets an instance of the process given in parameter.

Parameters:
  • processIdClassOrInstance (a process id, name, class, instance, execution node, or a the name of a file containing a backup copy of a process.) –
  • ignoreValidation (bool (optional)) – if True, a validation failure will not prevent from building an instance of the process.
Returns:

Return type:

an instance of the NewProcess class associated to the described process.

brainvisa.processes.getProcessInstanceFromProcessEvent(event)[source]

Gets an instance of a process described in a brainvisa.history.ProcessExecutionEvent.

Parameters:event – a brainvisa.history.ProcessExecutionEvent that describes the process: its structure and its parameters.
Returns:an instance of the NewProcess class associated to the described process. Parameters may have been set.
brainvisa.processes.getProcessesBySource(source, role, enableConversion=1, checkUpdate=True, listof=False, process=None, check_values=False)[source]

Get processes NewProcess able to play the given role for a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source.

Processes are ordered using the distance of processes.DiskItemConversionInfo between the neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source to use and the neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source registered for the process. The processes registered with closest sources appear first.

Parameters:
  • role (str) – the role of processes to get (mainly ‘viewer’ or ‘editor’)
  • enableConversion (int) – if the source can be converted to find appropriate processes. Default 1.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if processes NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.
  • listof (boolean) – if the processes NewProcess must be able to use list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem. Default False.
  • process (None or NewProcess class or instance) – if specified, specialized processes having a variable ‘allowed_processes’ which list this process, will be sorted first
  • check_values (bool) – if True, check if the 1st parameter of each process actually accepts the source value. This is not always true because some filtering may happen using some requiredAttribues.
Returns:

a list of processes NewProcess.

Return type:

processes

brainvisa.processes.getProcessesBySourceDist(registry, source, enableConversion=1, exactConversionTypeOnly=False, checkUpdate=True)[source]

Get processes NewProcess able to process a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source using a registry.

Processes are ordered using the distance of processes.DiskItemConversionInfo between the neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source to process and the neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source registered for the process. The processes registered with closest sources appear first.

Parameters:registry (dict) – the registry of processes.ProcessSet. Keys

are a tuple containing neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType and neuroDiskItems.Format. Values are processes.ProcessSet. :param int enableConversion: if the source can be converted to be processed. Default 1. :param boolean exactConversionTypeOnly: Specify if the conversion is valid only when converter is registered for the exact destination neuroDiskItems.DiskItemType. Default False :param boolean checkUpdate: if processes NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.

Returns:a list of processes NewProcess.
brainvisa.processes.getViewer(source, enableConversion=1, checkUpdate=True, listof=False, index=0, process=None, check_values=False)[source]

Gets a viewer (a process that have the role viewer) which can visualize source data. The viewer is returned only if its userLevel is lower than the current userLevel.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem, a list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem (only the first will be taken into account), a tuple (type, format).
  • enableConversion (boolean) – if True, a viewer that accepts a format in which source can be converted is also accepted. Default True
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if True, Brainvisa will check if the viewer needs to be reloaded. Default True.
  • listof (boolean) – If True, we need a viewer for a list of data. If there is no specific viewer for a list of this type of data, a ListOfIterationProcess is created from the associated simple viewer. Default False.
  • index (int) – index of the viewer to find. Default 0.
  • process (None or NewProcess class or instance) – if specified, specialized viewers having a variable ‘allowed_processes’ which list this process, will be sorted first
  • check_values (bool) – if True, check if the 1st parameter of viewer actually accepts the source value. This is not always true because some filtering may happen using some requiredAttribues.
Returns:

the NewProcess class associated to the found viewer or None if not found at the specified index.

Return type:

viewer

brainvisa.processes.getViewers(source, enableConversion=1, checkUpdate=True, listof=False, process=None, check_values=False)[source]

Get viewers NewProcess able to visualize a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source.

Viewers are ordered using the distance of processes.DiskItemConversionInfo between the neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source to visualize and the neuroDiskItems.DiskItem source registered for the viewer. The viewers registered with closest sources appear first.

Parameters:
  • enableConversion (int) – if the source can be converted to be visualized. Default 1.
  • checkUpdate (boolean) – if converters and viewers NewProcess must be reloaded when they changed. Default True.
  • listof (boolean) – if the viewers NewProcess must be able to display list of neuroDiskItems.DiskItem. Default False.
  • process (None or NewProcess class or instance) – if specified, specialized viewers having a variable ‘allowed_processes’ which list this process, will be sorted first
  • check_values (bool) – if True, check if the 1st parameter of each viewer actually accepts the source value. This is not always true because some filtering may happen using some requiredAttribues.
Returns:

a list of viewers NewProcess.

Return type:

viewers

brainvisa.processes.initializeProcesses()[source]

Intializes the global variables of the module. The current thread is stored as the main thread. A default execution context is created.

brainvisa.processes.mainThread()[source]

Gets Brainvisa main thread.

brainvisa.processes.mainThreadActions()[source]

Returns an object which allows to pass actions to be executed in the main thread. Its implementation may differ according to the presence of a running graphics event loop, thus the returned object may be an instance of different classes: soma.qtgui.api.QtThreadCall, soma.qtgui.api.FakeQtThreadCall, or even something else.

In any case the returned mainthreadactions object has 2 methods, call() and push():

result = mainthreadactions.call(function, *args, **kwargs)
#or
mainthreadactions.push(function, *args, **kwargs)
brainvisa.processes.mapValuesToChildrenParameters(destNode, sourceNode, dest, source, value=None, defaultProcess=None, defaultProcessOptions={}, name=None, resultingSize=-1, allow_remove=False)[source]

Maps values of parameter sourceNode.*source* (which is a list) to destNode.*dest*. value will receive parameter value when calling this function from a link. If children are fewer than source values and a defaultProcess is given, lacking children are added, with chosen defaultProcessOptions and name if given. Should resultingSize value differ from -1, the resulting number of children will be set to this value. If allow_remove is False (the default), nodes will never be removed even if source list is shorter than the number of nodes.

sourceNode, source, and dest may be lists of parameters (of matching sizes if they are lists) to map. The longest size will determine the number of nodes. destNode should not be a list since it is the child node we are working on.

brainvisa.processes.pathsplit(path)[source]

Returns a tuple corresponding to a recursive call to os.path.split for example on Unix:

pathsplit('toto/titi/tata') == ('toto', 'titi', 'tata')
pathsplit('/toto/titi/tata') == ('/', 'toto', 'titi', 'tata')
brainvisa.processes.procdocToXHTML(procdoc)[source]

Converts HTML tags in the content of a .procdoc file to XHTML tags. Checks its syntax.

brainvisa.processes.readProcdoc(processId)[source]

Returns the content of the documentation file (.procdoc) of the process in parameter.

brainvisa.processes.readProcess(fileName, category=None, ignoreValidation=False, toolbox='brainvisa')[source]

Loads a process from its source file. The source file is a python file which defines some variables (signature, name, userLevel) and functions (validation, initialization, execution).

The process is indexed in the global lists of processes so it can be retrieved through the functions getProcess(), getProcessInfo(), getViewer(), ...

Parameters:
  • fileName (string) – the name of the file containing the source code of the process.
  • category (string) – category of the process. If None, it is the name of the directory containing the process.
  • ignoreValidation (boolean) – if True, the validation function of the process won’t be executed.
  • toolbox (string) – The id of the toolbox containing the process. Defaut is ‘brainvisa’, it indicates that the process is not in a toolbox.
Returns:

A NewProcess class representing the process if no exception is raised during the loading of the process.

A new class derived from Process is defined to store the content of the file:

class brainvisa.processes.NewProcess

Bases: Process

All the elements defined in the file are added to the class.

name

Name of the process. If it is not defined in the process file, it is the base name of the file without extension.

category

The category of the process. If it is not given in parameter, it is the name of the directory containing the process file.

dataDirectory

The data directory of the process is a directory near the process file with the same name and the extension .data. It is optional.

processReloadNotifier

A soma.notification.Notifier that will notify its observers when the process is reload.

signature

The parameters excepted by the process.

userLevel

Minimum userLevel needed to see the process.

roles

Roles of the process: viewer, converter, editor, impoter.

execution(self, context)

Execution function.

brainvisa.processes.readProcesses(processesPath)[source]

Read all the processes found in toolboxes and in a list of directories. The toolboxes are found with the function brainvisa.toolboxes.allToolboxes().

A global object representing a tree of processes is created, it is an instance of the ProcessTree

Parameters:processesPath (list) – list of paths to directories containing processes files.
brainvisa.processes.registerConverter(source, dest, proc)[source]

Registers converter from source to destination. :param source: tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried. :param dest: tuple (type, format). If a converter is not found directly, parent types are tried. :param proc: NewProcess class associated to the converter

brainvisa.processes.reloadToolboxes()[source]

Reloads toolboxes, processes, types, ontology rules, databases. Useful to take into account new files without having to quit and start again Brainvisa.

brainvisa.processes.resetConverters()[source]

Reset converters dictionaries.

brainvisa.processes.runDataEditor(source, context=None, process=None)[source]

Searches for a data editor for source data and runs the process. If data editor fail to edit source, tries to get another.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem or something that enables to find a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.
  • context – the ExecutionContext. If None, the default context is used.
Returns:

the result of the execution of the found data editor.

brainvisa.processes.runProcessBySource(source, role, context=None, process=None, continueOnError=True)[source]

Searches for a viewer for source data and runs the process. If viewer fail to display source, tries to get another.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem or something that enables to find a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.
  • context – the ExecutionContext. If None, the default context is used.
Returns:

the result of the execution of the found viewer.

brainvisa.processes.runViewer(source, context=None, process=None)[source]

Searches for a viewer for source data and runs the process. If viewer fail to display source, tries to get another.

Parameters:
  • source – a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem or something that enables to find a neuroDiskItems.DiskItem.
  • context – the ExecutionContext. If None, the default context is used.
Returns:

the result of the execution of the found viewer.

brainvisa.processes.setMainThreadActionsMethod(method)[source]

Set the mainThreadActions loop method.

Parameters:method (soma.qt_gui.qtThread.FakeQtThreadCall or soma.qt_gui.qtThread.QtThreadCall object) – instance of the thread handler
brainvisa.processes.updateProcesses()[source]

Called when option userLevel has changed. Associated widgets will be updated automatically because they listens for changes.

brainvisa.processes.updatedMainProcessTree()[source]
Return type:ProcessTrees
Returns:Brainvisa list of process trees : all processes tree, toolboxes, user trees
brainvisa.processes.writeProcdoc(processId, documentation)[source]

Writes the documentation in the process documentation file (.procdoc).

brainvisa.processing.neuroException

The functions are used to display error and warning messages in Brainvisa.

showException() can be used to display a message describing the last exception that occured in Brainvisa error window or in the console. In the same way, the function showWarning() can be used to display warning message.

Example

>>> try:
>>>   <code that can raise an exception>
>>> except:
>>>   neuroException.showException(beforeError="The following error occured when...:")
class brainvisa.processing.neuroException.HTMLMessage(msg)[source]

This class enables to create an error message in HTML format. Creates an instance of this class to raise an error with an HTML message.

Example: raise RuntimeError( HTMLMessage(“<b>Error ...</b>”) )

brainvisa.processing.neuroException.exceptionHTML(beforeError='', afterError='', exceptionInfo=None)[source]

Generates an HTML message that describes the given exception with its traceback.

Parameters:
  • exceptionInfo (tuple) – (type, value, traceback) describing the exception.
  • beforeError (string) – Message that will be displayed before the text of the exception.
  • afterError (string) – Message that will be displayed after the text of the exception.
Return type:

string

Returns:

the message in HTML format.

brainvisa.processing.neuroException.exceptionMessageHTML(exceptionInfo, beforeError='', afterError='')[source]

Generates an HTML message that describes the given exception. The traceback of the exception is not included in the message.

Parameters:
  • exceptionInfo (tuple) – (type, value, traceback) describing the exception.
  • beforeError (string) – Message that will be displayed before the text of the exception.
  • afterError (string) – Message that will be displayed after the text of the exception.
Return type:

string

Returns:

the message in HTML format.

brainvisa.processing.neuroException.exceptionTracebackHTML(exceptionInfo)[source]

Generates an HTML message that describes the traceback of the given exception.

Parameters:exceptionInfo (tuple) – (type, value, traceback) describing the exception.
Return type:string
Returns:the message in HTML format.
brainvisa.processing.neuroException.logException(beforeError='', afterError='', exceptionInfo=None, context=None)[source]

Generates two HTML messages to represent the current exception: a short one and a detailed version. The exception is also stored in Brainvisa log file. The detailed message shows the traceback of the exception. The short message is generated with the function exceptionMessageHTML() and the detailed one with exceptionTracebackHTML().

Parameters:
  • beforeError (string) – Message that will be displayed before the text of the exception.
  • afterError (string) – Message that will be displayed after the text of the exception.
  • exceptionInfo (tuple) – tuple (type, value, traceback) describing the exception. If None, sys.exc_info() is used to get the exception.
  • contextbrainvisa.processes.ExecutionContext that can be used to store the message at the right place in the log file. Indeed, the current log could be the log of a process execution. If None, the default context is used.
Return type:

tuple

Returns:

A short HTML message and a detailed version of the message.

brainvisa.processing.neuroException.showException(beforeError='', afterError='', parent=None, gui=None, exceptionInfo=None)[source]

Displays an error message describing the last exception that occurred or the exception information given in parameter. The message can be displayed in Brainvisa error window or in the console. The generated message is in HTML format and have a style adapted to error messages (icon, font color).

Parameters:
  • beforeError (string) – Message that will be displayed before the text of the exception.
  • afterError (string) – Message that will be displayed after the text of the exception.
  • parent – A parent widget for the exception widget. Optional.
  • gui (boolean) – If True, the graphical interface is used to display the exception. Else, it is displayed in the console. If None, it is displayed with the graphical interface if Brainvisa is in graphical mode.
  • exceptionInfo (tuple) – tuple (type, value, traceback) describing the exception. If None, sys.exc_info() is used to get the exception.
brainvisa.processing.neuroException.showWarning(message, parent=None, gui=None)[source]

Shows a warning message. The message can be displayed in Brainvisa error window or in the console. The generated message is in HTML format and have a style adapted to warning messages (icon, font color).

Parameters:
  • message (string) – Warning message that will be displayed.
  • parent – A parent widget for the exception widget. Optional.
  • gui (boolean) – If True, the graphical interface is used to display the exception. Else, it is displayed in the console. If None, it is displayed with the graphical interface if Brainvisa is in graphical mode.

brainvisa.processing.neuroLog

This module contains the classes for Brainvisa log system.

Brainvisa main log is an instance of LogFile. It is stored in the global variable brainvisa.configuration.neuroConfig.mainLog. This main log is created in the function initializeLog().

Inheritance diagram:
 
Inheritance diagram of brainvisa.processing.neuroLog
Classes and functions:
 

Base virtual class for a link on a log file.

class brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.LogFile(fileName, parentLog, lock, file=None, temporary=False)[source]

This class represents Brainvisa log file. This object is structured hierarchically. A LogFile can have a parent log and can be the parent log of other logs.

This hierarchical structure is useful in Brainvisa because several threads may have to add log information at the same time, so we have to use several temporary log files to avoid concurrent access to the same file. So each process have its own LogFile which can have sub logs if the process calls other processes or system commands. The different log files are merged in the main log file when the process ends.

The content of the file is in minf xml format.

The elements written in the file are Item objects. They are written through the method append().

Parameters:
  • fileName (string) – path to the file where the log information will be written.
  • parentLog – parent Logfile.
  • lockthreading.RLock(), a lock to prevent from concurrent access to the file.
Parent file:

stream on the opened file.

class Item(what, when=None, html='', children=[], icon=None)[source]

An entry in a log file. It can have a list of children items.

Parameters:
  • what (string) – title of the entry
  • when – date of creation returned by time.time() by default.
  • html – the content associated to this item in HTML format. String or FileLink.
  • children – sub items: a list of Items or a LogFile (which contains Items)
  • icon (string) – An icon file associated to this entry.
children()[source]

Returns the children of the item as a list of Item. If children items are in a log file, this log file is read to extract its items.

html()[source]

Returns the HTML content of the log entry.

icon()[source]

Returns the icon file associated to this item.

what()[source]

Returns the title of the entry.

when()[source]

Returns the date of the entry.

class LogFile.SubTextLog(fileName, parentLog)[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.TextFileLink

This class is a kind of leaf in the tree of log files. It cannot be a parent for another log file. It only stores text information.

Parameters:
close()[source]

Warns the parent log that this file is closed.

LogFile.append(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Writes an Item in the current log file. This method can take in parameters a Item or the parameters needed to create a new Item.

LogFile.close()[source]

Closes all files related to this LogFile.

LogFile.expand(force=False)[source]

Reads the current log file and the sub logs and items files and merges all their content in a same file.

LogFile.flush()[source]

Really writes the file on disk.

LogFile.subLog(fileName=None)[source]

Creates a sub log, that is to say a new LogFile which have this log as parent log.

Parameters:fileName (string) – name of the file where log information will be written. If None, the sublog is associated to a new temporary file created with brainvisa.data.temporary.TemporaryFileManager.new().
Return type:LogFile
Returns:The new sub log.
LogFile.subTextLog(fileName=None)[source]

Creates a SubTextLog as a child of the current log. The sub log have the current log as parent log. This type of sub log is used for example to store the output of a system command.

Parameters:fileName (string) – name of the file where log information will be written. If None, the sublog is associated to a new temporary file created with brainvisa.data.temporary.TemporaryFileManager.new().
Return type:SubTextLog
Returns:The new sub log.

Bases: brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.FileLink

This class represents a link on the file associated to a LogFile.

expand()[source]

Reads the file and returns the content as a list of Item.

class brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.LogFileReader(source)[source]

This objects enables to read LogFile Logfile.Item from a filename.

read()[source]

Returns the list of all Item in the current file.

readItem()[source]

Returns the next Item in the current file.

Bases: brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.FileLink

This class represents a link on the file associated to a SubTextLog.

Parameters:fileName (string) – name of the file
expand()[source]

Reads the file and returns its content as a string.

brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.closeMainLog()[source]

Closes Brainvisa main log. The log file content is expanded and the file is compressed with gzip.GzipFile.

brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.expandedCopy(source, destFileName, destFile=None)[source]

Returns a copy of the source log file with all its items expanded (file links replaced by the content of the file).

brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.expandedReader(source)[source]

Generator on the Item of the source file. Each item is expanded, that is to say each file link that they contains is also read.

brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.initializeLog()[source]

Creates Brainvisa main log as an instance of LogFile which is stored in the variable brainvisa.configuration.neuroConfig.mainLog. The associated file is brainvisa.configuration.neuroConfig.logFileName.

brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.log(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Adds an Item in Brainvisa main log.

brainvisa.processing.neuroLog.newLogFile(fileName, file=None)[source]

Returns a new LogFile object that will write in fileName.

brainvisa.processing.capsul_process

Specialized Process class to link with CAPSUL processes and pipelines.

the aim is to allow using a Capsul process/pipeline as an Axon process (or at least, ease it). Such a process would like the following:

from brainvisa.processes import *
from brainvisa.processing import capsul_process

name = 'A Capusl process ported to Axon'
userLevel = 0
base_class = capsul_process.CapsulProcess
capsul_process = 'morphologist.capsul.morphologist.Morphologist'

Explanation:

The process should inherit the CapsulProcess class (itself inheriting the standard Process). To do so, it declares the “base_class” variable to this CapsulProcess class type.

The it should instantiate the appropriate Capsul process. This is done by overloading the setup_capsul_process() method, which will instantiate the Capsul process and set it into the Axon proxy process.

The underlying Capsul process traits will be exported to the Axon signature automatically. This behaviour can be avoided or altered by overloading the initialize() method, which we did not define in the above example.

The process also does not have an execution() function. This is normal: CapsulProcess already defines an executionWorkflow() method which will generate a Soma-Workflow workflow which will integrate in the process or parent pipeline (or iteration) workflow.

See also CAPSUL: what are the plans ?

class brainvisa.processing.capsul_process.CapsulProcess[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Process

Specialized Process to link with a CAPSUL process or pipeline.

See the brainvisa.processing.capsul_process doc for details.

executionWorkflow(context=None)[source]

Build the workflow for execution. The workflow will be integrated in the parent pipeline workflow, if any.

StudyConfig options are handled to support local or remote execution, file transfers / translations and other specific stuff.

FOM completion is not performed yet.

get_capsul_process()[source]

Get the underlying CAPSUL process

init_study_config(context=None)[source]

Build a Capsul StudyConfig object if not present in the context, set it up, and return it

initialization()[source]

This specialized initialization() method sets up a default signature for the process, duplicating every user trait of the underlying CAPSUL process.

As some parameter types and links will not be correctly translated, it is possible to prevent this automatic behaviour, and to setup manually a new signature, by overloading the initialization() method.

In such a case, the process designer will also probably have to overload the propagate_parameters_to_capsul() method to setup the underlying Capsul process parameters from the Axon one, since there will not be a direct correspondance any longer.

propagate_parameters_to_capsul()[source]

Set the underlying Capsul process parameters values from the Axon process (self) parameters values.

This method will be called before execution to build the workflow.

By default, it assumes a direct correspondance between Axon and Capsul processes parameters, so it will just copy all parameters values. If the initialization() method has been specialized in a particular process, this direct correspondance will likely be broken, so this method should also be overloaded.

set_capsul_process(process)[source]

Sets a CAPSUL process into the Axon (proxy) process

setup_capsul_process()[source]

This method is in charge of instantiating the appropriate CAPSUL process or pipeline, and setting it into the Axon process (self), using the set_capsul_process() method.

It may be overloaded by children processes, but the default implementation looks for a variable “capsul_process” in the process source file which provides the Capsul module/process name (as a string), for instance:

capsul_process = "morphologist.capsul.axon.t1biascorrection.T1BiasCorrection"

This is basically the only thing the process must do.

brainvisa.processing.process_based_viewer

Specialized viewer process, working with an underlying process.

New in Axon 4.6.

This convenience class is a way to define a viewer process which is linked to another process (or pipeline). A viewer attached to a process will be able to access the reference process parameters in order to build a display using the exact same parameters values. This can avoid ambiguities.

Such a viewer will get an additional attribute, ‘reference_process’, when executing. It can (should) be specialized to work witn one or several processes, which are specified in its ‘allowed_processes’ attribute. The viewer will only be triggered when displaying a parameter of these specific processes. The viewer still needs a signature with a main input parameter, which should match the desired process parameter.

To use it, a specialized viewer process should import this brainvisa.processing.process_based_viewer module, and declare a ‘base_class’ attribute with the value of the ProcessBasedViewer class

Here is an example of a specialized viewer process, using this mechanism:

from brainvisa.processes import ReadDiskItem
from brainvisa.processing.process_based_viewer import ProcessBasedViewer

name = 'Anatomist view bias correction, Morphologist pipeline variant'
base_class = ProcessBasedViewer
allowed_processes = ['morphologist']

signature = Signature(
    'input', ReadDiskItem('T1 MRI Bias Corrected',
                          'anatomist volume formats'),
)

def execution(self, context):
    # run the regular viewer using custom parameters
    viewer = getProcessInstance('AnatomistShowBiasCorrection')
    if not hasattr(self, 'reference_process'):
        # fallback to regular behavior
        return context.runProcess(viewer, self.input)
    # get t1mri and histo_analysis from morphologist pipeline instance
    t1mri = self.reference_process.t1mr1
    histo_analysis = self.reference_process.histo_analysis
    return context.runProcess(
        viewer, mri_corrected=self.input,
        t1mri=t1mri, histo_analysis=histo_analysis)

Technically, the ProcessBasedViewer class merely delclares some default attribute values for the process:

reference_process = None
roles = ('viewer', )
userLevel = 3
allowed_processes = []

A viewer linked to a process could directly delclare these attibutes instead of inheriting the ProcessBasedViewer class - it is also a matter of code clarity. The viewer mechanism does not check inheritance, but tests the presence of these attributes in the viewer class. A specialized viewer can of course overwrite these attributes, and actually should, at least for the ‘allowed_processes’ variable.

Note that the default roles, ‘viewer’ can be overwriten, typically to use the same mechanism for an editor.

allowed_processes alternative

In some cases allowed processes may not be a fixed list. To handle this situation, ‘allowed_processes’ may be a function instead of a list. This function will be called with a process as argument, and should return a boolean value to tell if the process is accepted for the viewer to work with it. Typically, it can test if the process is part of a specific pipeline:

def allowed_processes(process):
    if process.id() == 'morphologist':
        return True
    pipeline = process.parent_pipeline()
    return pipeline is not None and pipeline.id() == 'morphologist'
class brainvisa.processing.process_based_viewer.ProcessBasedViewer[source]

Bases: brainvisa.processes.Process

Specialized viewer process, working with an underlying process.

See the brainvisa.processing.process_based_viewer doc for details.

brainvisa.processing.axon_fso_to_fom

class brainvisa.processing.axon_fso_to_fom.AxonFsoToFom(init_fom_def=OrderedDict(), formats_fom={})[source]

Bases: object

Converter for Axon hierarchies (File System Ontologies) to CAPSUL/Soma-Base FOM (File Organization Model).

Converts parameters for a given process according to rules taken from actual data: a main input data is used for Axon completion, then all parameters are analyzed and converted to FOM entries.

Parameters:
  • init_fom_def (dict or (preferably) collections.OrderedDict) – FOM to be completed. An existing one may be used, otherwise a new FOM dictionary is created.
  • formats_fom (dict or collections.OrderedDict) – Formats and formats lists definitions to be used. They are expected to match Axon formats and formats lists definitions.
fso_to_fom(proc_name, node_name, data)[source]

Transform a process or pipeline parameters into FOM rules. This is the main function in the class.

Subprocesses of a pipeline will be added to the FOM too.

Parameters:
  • proc_name (string) – identifier of the Axon process
  • node_name (string) – name to be used in the FOM
  • data (string) – input data (file name) for the first input param opf the process. It will be used to perform Axon completion, then to get values and patterns for all parameters. Thus it must be a valid input data, existing in an Axon database.
Returns:

  • new_fom_def (collections.OrderedDict) – new FOM definition (also found in self.current_fom_def)
  • default_atts (dict) – attributes which have default values. Also adde in the FOM, in the “attribute_definitions” section.

brainvisa.processing.axon_fso_to_fom.fso_to_fom_main(argv)[source]

Main FSO hierarchy to FOM conversion for one or several processes. Contains an argument parser for the __main__ function.

brainvisa.processing.axon_fso_to_fom.ordered_dump(data, stream=None, Dumper=<class 'yaml.dumper.Dumper'>, **kwds)[source]

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5121931/in-python-how-can-you-load-yaml-mappings-as-ordereddicts

brainvisa.processing.axon_fso_to_fom.ordered_load(stream, Loader=<class 'yaml.loader.Loader'>, object_pairs_hook=<class 'collections.OrderedDict'>)[source]

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5121931/in-python-how-can-you-load-yaml-mappings-as-ordereddicts

brainvisa.processing.axon_to_capsul

brainvisa.processing.axon_to_capsul.axon_to_capsul(proc, outfile, module_name_prefix=None, parse_subpipelines=False, get_all_values=True, capsul_process_name=None, use_process_names={}, lowercase_modules=True)[source]

Converts an Axon process or pipeline into a CAPSUL process or pipeline. The output is a file, named with the outfile parameter.

Parameters:
  • proc (axon process ID (string) or instance) – process to be converted
  • outfile (filename) – output file name for the converted process in CAPSUL API
  • module_name_prefix (module path (string) (optional)) – if specified, this prefix will be prepended to processes module names
  • parse_subpipelines (bool (optional)) – if True, sub-pipelines internals will be extracted in the current one Experimental. Expect strange effects when you use it. Default is False.
  • get_all_values (bool (optional)) – if True, the current values of the input process instance will all be reported to the output process. Default is False.
  • capsul_process_name (string (optional)) – if specified, name of the converted Capsul process. Otherwise use the same name as the Axon process ID.
  • use_process_names (dict string:string (optional)) – names mapping table between Axon process IDs and Capsul process names when used as pipeline nodes. Default: same as Axon IDs.
brainvisa.processing.axon_to_capsul.capsul_merged_param_type(axon_params)[source]

get a “common” capsul parameter type for a list of axon parameters, typically to form a swith output from its possible inputs. the output allowed_extensions will be the union of input extensions (which may not always be OK).

brainvisa.processing.axon_to_capsul.get_process_id(proc)[source]

ID of a process or ID

brainvisa.processing.axon_to_capsul.get_subprocesses(procid)[source]

Recursive list of children processes.

Parameters:procid (str or brainvisa Process) – process (pipeline) to parse
Returns:
Return type:set of processes found inside procid
brainvisa.processing.axon_to_capsul.make_module_name(procid, module_name_prefix=None, use_process_names={}, lowercase_modules=True)[source]

module + process class name, ex: morpho.morphologist.morphologist.

Parameters:
  • procid (string) – Axon process id
  • module_name_prefix (string (optional)) – base module name (ex: morpho). If not specified, no base module
  • use_process_names (dict (optional)) – If specified, override some complete process names. Key is the axon ID, value is the full name. Ex: {‘morphologist’: ‘morpho.morphologist.Morphologist’}
brainvisa.processing.axon_to_capsul.write_pipeline_definition(p, out, parse_subpipelines=False, get_all_values=False, module_name_prefix=None, use_process_names={}, lowercase_modules=True)[source]

Write a pipeline structure in the out file, and links between pipeline nodes. If parse_subpipelines is set, the pipeline structure inside sub-pipelines which are already Axon processes is also parsed (this is generally unneeded).